Chapter 91

The SunAsh-Shams (الشمس)

15 verses • revealed at Meccan

1 وَٱلشَّمْسِ وَضُحَىٰهَا
By the Sun and his (glorious) splendour;
2 وَٱلْقَمَرِ إِذَا تَلَىٰهَا
By the Moon as she follows him;
3 وَٱلنَّهَارِ إِذَا جَلَّىٰهَا
By the Day as it shows up (the Sun's) glory;
4 وَٱلَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰهَا
By the Night as it conceals it;
5 وَٱلسَّمَآءِ وَمَا بَنَىٰهَا
By the Firmament and its (wonderful) structure;
6 وَٱلْأَرْضِ وَمَا طَحَىٰهَا
By the Earth and its (wide) expanse:
7 وَنَفْسٍ وَمَا سَوَّىٰهَا
By the Soul, and the proportion and order given to it;
8 فَأَلْهَمَهَا فُجُورَهَا وَتَقْوَىٰهَا
And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;-
9 قَدْ أَفْلَحَ مَن زَكَّىٰهَا
Truly he succeeds that purifies it,
10 وَقَدْ خَابَ مَن دَسَّىٰهَا
And he fails that corrupts it!
11 كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَىٰهَآ
The Thamud (people) rejected (their prophet) through their inordinate wrong-doing,
12 إِذِ ٱنۢبَعَثَ أَشْقَىٰهَا
Behold, the most wicked man among them was deputed (for impiety).
13 فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ ٱللَّهِ نَاقَةَ ٱللَّهِ وَسُقْيَٰهَا
But the Messenger of Allah said to them: "It is a She-camel of Allah! And (bar her not from) having her drink!"
14 فَكَذَّبُوهُ فَعَقَرُوهَا فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُم بِذَنۢبِهِمْ فَسَوَّىٰهَا
Then they rejected him (as a false prophet), and they hamstrung her. So their Lord, on account of their crime, obliterated their traces and made them equal (in destruction, high and low)!
15 وَلَا يَخَافُ عُقْبَٰهَا
And for Him is no fear of its consequences.